Performance of a Two-stages Gas Gun: Experimental, Analytical and Numerical Analysis

Authors

1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran

2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ayatollah Boroujerdi University, Boroujerd, Iran

Abstract

Two stages gas guns are used for various purposes, particularly for mechanical characterization of materials at high rate of deformations. The performance of a two stages gas gun is studied in this work using the theory of the two-stage gas gun proposed by Rajesh, numerical simulation using combined Eulerian/ Lagrangian elements in Autodyna commercial code and experiment using a two stage gas gun developed by the authors of this study. Equations governing the motion of the piston and projectile are solved using Runge-Kutta method. The effects of parameters such as chamber pressure, pump tube pressure and piston mass on the performance of gun are explored. The results of numerical simulation and analytical methods are validated by experiment. Finally, a comparison between the analytical, numerical and experimental results shows that the theory proposed by Rajesh, yields reasonable predictions for the two stage gas gun performance in the first place, and Autodyn software, using combined Eulerian/ Lagrangian elements, gives accurate estimations for gas gun parameters, in the second place. A 3-D working diagram is provided for prediction of projectile velocity for any state of pump and chamber pressures which are the most important variables for a gas gun with a fixed geometry.
Two stages gas guns are used for various purposes, particularly for mechanical characterization of materials at high rate of deformations. The performance of a two stages gas gun is studied in this work using the theory of the two-stage gas gun proposed by Rajesh, numerical simulation using combined Eulerian/ Lagrangian elements in Autodyna commercial code and experiment using a two stage gas gun developed by the authors of this study. Equations governing the motion of the piston and projectile are solved using Runge-Kutta method. The effects of parameters such as chamber pressure, pump tube pressure and piston mass on the performance of gun are explored. The results of numerical simulation and analytical methods are validated by experiment. Finally, a comparison between the analytical, numerical and experimental results shows that the theory proposed by Rajesh, yields reasonable predictions for the two stage gas gun performance in the first place, and Autodyn software, using combined Eulerian/ Lagrangian elements, gives accurate estimations for gas gun parameters, in the second place. A 3-D working diagram is provided for prediction of projectile velocity for any state of pump and chamber pressures which are the most important variables for a gas gun with a fixed geometry.
 

Keywords